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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 122 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王晴玲(2008)。《公民新聞的在地實踐-公視 PeoPo 新聞平台公眾參與及多元報導研究》。國立政治大學廣播電視學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 王維菁、馬綺韓、陳釗偉(2013)。〈網際網路時代的社會運動:以台灣環境運動組織為例〉。《資訊社會研究》,25:1-12。
  3. 朱立熙譯(2006)。〈Ohmynews 發刊辭〉。《朱立熙的「台灣心 韓國情」個人網站》,上網日期2006年11月10日,取自:
  4. 施尚文(2013)。《網路集資平台發展策略-以Kickstarter、FlyingV和嘖嘖網為例》。國立台灣大學國際企業學研究所碩士論文。
  5. 洪貞玲、劉昌德(2004)。〈線上全球公共領域?網路的潛能、實踐與限制〉。《資訊社會研究》,6:341-364。
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