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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 111 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江明修(2003)。志工管理。台北:智盛
  2. 李怡芬(2010)。東南亞新移民女性參與志願服務對自我成長影響之探索性研究—以南部地區為例。私立長榮大學人文社會院工作學系碩士論文,未出版,台南。
  3. 林冠儀(2009)。成人參與志工培訓方案的轉化學習歷程研究--以佛教慈濟基金會委員慈誠培訓課程為例。國立暨南國際大學成人與繼續教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,南投縣。
  4. 林慧貞(2007)。美國高等教育服務學習方案設計之研究。通識研究集刊,11,117-140
  5. 柯星羽(2012)。大學生參與服務學習在社會問題解決能力的效果。國立成功大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台南。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李効苗(2016)。校園被霸凌者復原歷程之研究。高雄醫學大學醫學社會學與社會工作學系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-101。
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