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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 108 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳玲玲、許欽嘉、蔡清祥、柯承恩(2010),對知識工作者之領導效能之研究-領導風格與認知差異,管理資訊學報,第十七卷,專刊
  2. 沈琬雯(2013),部門主管領導風格與領導效能對於員工工作績效之影響-以建設公司為例,嶺東科技大學高階主管企管碩士在職專班論文
  3. 施妤璇(2006),轉換型領導、交易型領導對工作績效與離職傾向之研究-以組織承諾為中介變項,中央大學人力資源管理研究所碩士論文。
  4. 許士軍(1995),管理學,台北:東華書局
  5. 許雅璇(2014),工作價值觀、激勵方式與工作滿意度及工作投入關係之研究-不同世代之比較,國立中正大學企業管理研究所碩士論文
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張齡予(2016)。主管不當督導與部屬情緒耗竭之關聯性研究:以部屬情緒勞動為中介因素。中正大學企業管理學系學位論文。2016。1-83。
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