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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 73 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余鑑、于俊傑與余采芳 (民100)。數位學習知覺與使用意圖間影響之研究。Electronic Commerce Studies, 9(3),323-351。
  2. 周斯畏與陳碧玉 (民98)。個人持續使用企業資源規劃系統(ERP)意願之探討-以社會認知理論、期望確認理論為基礎。資訊管理學報,16(1),79-108。
  3. 林綉珠與黃璉華 (民103)。世紀回眸-護理執業工作環境之演變與發展。護理雜誌,61(4),35-45。
  4. 林璟淑與李亭亭 (民94)。由Lewin的改變理論談護理資訊系統之推展。護理雜誌,52(1),50-54。
  5. 徐光華、郭宇薇、梁家瑋、楊宜靜與張仙平 (民100)。利用院內資訊資料及時有效篩選需要營養支持介入之住院病患。臺灣營養學會雜誌,36(4),99-105。
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