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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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    Reference ( 17 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 方雅亭、卓國雄(2010)。社會支持與運動行爲之探討。 臺灣水域運動休閒論壇與學術研討會論文集, 2010,42 – 49。
    2. 王文豐(2001)。運動與冠狀動脈心臟病之相關探討。中華體育季刊,14(4),107–114。
    3. 吳鳳惠(2010)。雲林地區高職實用技能學程美髮技術科學生學習滿意度之研究。台南科技大學生活應用科學研究所,未出版,台南市。
    4. 丁文貞(2001)。肥胖與非肥胖國小學童身體活動量與健康體適能之研究。國立體育學院碩士論文,未出版,桃園縣。
    5. 尤建昌(2010)。台北縣國中選手參與動機與滿意度之研究。台北市立教育大學體育學系碩士在職進修專班碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
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