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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 64 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張雅玲(2001)。國民小學職前教師資訊素養之研究。淡江大學教育科技研究所 碩士論文。
  2. 周聰佑、陳彥廷、吳佳玲(2012)。企業履行社會責任對員工組織公民行為之影 響。商管科技季刊,13(2),165-190。
  3. 黃俊英(1994)。企業研究方法。台北:東華。
  4. 黃雅君﹙2000﹚。臺北市立國民小學教師資訊素養知能及其相關設備利用情形之 研究。國立臺灣師範大學社會教育學系碩士論文。
  5. 劉自強、盧文民、張麗嬌(2012)。組織成員的變革認知、工作滿意度、領導風 格與離職傾向之關聯性研究-以中山科學研究院轉型行政法人為例。北商 學報,21,21-48。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭嬿鈺(2016)。國民小學資訊業務績效評估之研究-以高雄市為例。義守大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2016。1-100。
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