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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 79 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何明晃 (2009)。經常逃學而不逃家少年其學校與家庭經驗之研究。青少年犯罪防治研究期刊,1(1),頁29-82。
  2. 宋麗玉(1998)。個案管理之內涵與工作模式--兼論個案管理模式在台灣社會工作領域之應用. 社會政策與社會工作學刊,V2(1),127-155.
  3. 李旻昱與趙善如(2009)。高風險兒童少年家庭風險產生類型與影響因素。 東吳社會工作學報,20, 63-93。
  4. 林金定、嚴嘉楓 與陳美花(2005)。質性研究方法:訪談模式與實施步驟分析。 身心障礙研究,3(2), 122-136。
  5. 曾儀芬、王秀美、與黃福慧(2014)。執行高關懷兒童少年輔導方案機構間合作現況之探討:以澎湖縣為例。台灣社區工作與社區研究學刊,4(1), 83-130。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃瓊儀(2017)。高風險家庭成案決策之研究-以新進社工為例。朝陽科技大學社會工作系學位論文。2017。1-140。
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