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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 26 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 葉銀華、李存修、柯承恩,公司治理與評等系統,台北;商智文化事業股份有限公司,民國2002年。
  2. 王淑芬、謝文馨,2010,臺灣地區銀行經營績效之分析─以泛公股銀行與民營銀 行為例,臺灣銀行季刊,第 61 卷,第 1 期,頁20-48。
  3. 吳佳慧,2006,金融機構之股權結構、董監事會特性與經營績效關聯性,國立成功大學會計學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 李怡采, 2011,董事會結構與台灣商業銀行盈餘管理之研究,朝陽科技大學會計系碩士論文。
  5. 陳家馴,2004,董事會組成、公股角色與企業績效之關聯性研究,國立成功大學 企業管理所碩士論文。
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