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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 132 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱寶青(2005),形式理性與家族權威衝突之研究-以新光合纖董座衝突為例,關係管理研究,(2),51-75。
  2. 李春長、沈姵君(2006),組織結構、員工工作滿意度與組織承諾對工作績效之影響-以不動產經紀人員為例,台灣土地研究,11(1),65-103。
  3. 李振宇、蘇威傑(2009),研發承諾與營運績效:以台灣家族企業為例,組織與管理,2(2),197-221。
  4. 余安邦、楊國樞(1987),社會取向成就動機與個我取向成就動機,中央研究院民族學研究所集刊,(64),51-98。
  5. 卓正欽、魏秀玲、郭宏偉(2015),知覺組織支持與組織公民行為之關係:以情感型組織承諾為中介變數,管理資訊計算,4(1),28-41。
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