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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 86 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 于卓民與廖采如(2005)。影響子公司控制機制選擇之研究-以台灣企業為例。交大管理學報,25(2),27-56。
  2. 2. 古永嘉與孫明德(2011)。外人直接投資偏誤之衡量與決定因素-行為財務觀點。商管科技季刊,12(2),113-144。
  3. 3. 池祥萱、繆文娟與莊瀅臻(2014)。企業社會責任對於公司財務績效之影響是雙面刃嗎?來自全球500大公司的證據。管理學報,31(1),1-19。
  4. 4. 李文瑞(2000)。廠商海外投資股權模式關鍵影響因素之研究-台商赴東南亞投資之實證分析。管理評論,19(3),25-49。
  5. 6. 高長與陳威如(1998)。台商赴大陸投資所有權進入模式決定因素分析。管理學報,15(3),393-418。
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