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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 42 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 8.汪進揚、蕭國強,2011年,監督壓力與預算執行關係之實證研究:以國防部門實施半年結算制度為例。管理與系統,第18卷第1期,頁93-112。
  2. 10.邱吉鶴,2009年,施政計畫與預算管理。研考雙月刊,第33卷第2期,頁8-18。
  3. 11.邱吉鶴、莊麗蘭,2005年,施政計畫執行力之探討。研考雙月刊,第29卷第2期,頁50-60。
  4. 18.張鳳嬌,2008年,我國中央政府預算執行效率與影響因素之探討。淡江大學會計學系碩士論文。
  5. 19.張錫惠、江淑玲、林金和、蕭家旗,1999年,政府歲出預算執行型態及其影響因素之探索性研究:以我國中央政府某部會為例。會計評論,第31期,頁43-62。
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