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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 27 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江明建(2014),優化TFT-LCD面板產業產能規劃與生產管制作業流程,國立成功大學工程管理碩士在職專班,碩士論文。
  2. 余俊龍(2015),模糊多目標線性規劃應用於需求量不確定下低溫液態氣體槽車運輸指派,國立屏東科技大學工業管理系所,碩士論文。
  3. 李豐池(2007),運用管理科學方法建構戰場管理資訊化決策支援系統模式之研究,國立臺灣大學高階公共管理組,碩士論文。
  4. 吳昀潔(2014),產品組合策略形成與核心能力之關聯研究-設計取向 VS 浮現取向,淡江大學國際商學碩士在職專班,碩士論文。
  5. 林軍諺(2014),考量安全庫存下運用滾動排程於多期多產品生產規劃之研究,國立臺灣大學商學研究所,碩士論文。
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