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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 110 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王賢雲(2002)。智能障礙學生回歸互動之研究。國立台北師範學院特殊教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  2. 何嘉雯(2003)。交互教學法對國小閱讀理解困難學生教學成效之研究。臺南師範學院特殊教育學系碩士論文,未出版,台南。
  3. 吳佩蓁(2012)。融入鷹架式提問之摘要策略教學對國小四年級閱讀理解及摘要能力的影響。國立中正大學教育學研究所碩士論文,未
  4. 吳麗寬(2000)。合作學習對國小學習障礙學生閱讀理解效果與同儕社會關係之研究。彰化師範大學特殊教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,
  5. 呂宜娟(2008)。運用同儕協助學習策略於國小資訊課程之研究──以融合教育普通班為例(之)。國立臺北教育大學碩士論文,未出版
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