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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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郁惠淳 , Masters  Advisor:賴靖宜  



Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 35 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 7. 吳欽杉、劉玉珍,1989「台灣地區上市公司股票最後進出喊價價差的決定因子之實證研究」,管理科學學報,第6卷,第1期,p1-16。
    2. 8. 姚蕙芸、梁志民,2005,「空頭與多頭走勢期間台股股價與相關因素因果關係探討─以2000及2003年為例」,企業管理學報,第66期,p1-39。
    3. 10. 唐麒泰,2013,「影響台灣地區人壽保險公司聲譽評價之因素」,交通大學經營管理學程研究所碩士論文。
    4. 12. 許溪南、王耀斌、洪銓,2011「台灣股票市場成分波動性之分解、趨勢與影響因素」,中華管理評論國際學報,第14卷,第2期,p1-27。
    5. 14. 彭靖,2010,「追蹤誤差、價格偏離度和成交量之研究-以寶滬深300(0061)、恆中國(0080)及恆香港(0081)為例」,政治大學金融研究所碩士論文。
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