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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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    Reference ( 30 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 張烽益、洪敬舒、楊書瑋、林佳和、周兆昱、侯岳宏、林良榮、沈牧樺、葉永山,搞工會:工會正義與不當勞動行為裁決機制,臺灣勞工陣線協會,頁3-247,2012年9月。
    2. 周兆昱,我國雙軌制不當勞動行為裁決制度之研究:日本法之比較為中心,思與言人文與社會期刊,第五十二卷第1期,頁89-140,2014年8月。
    3. 林良榮,工會會務假之規範、法律性質與雇主准駁權限:兼論我國法院判決實務之發展,思與言人文與社會期刊,第五十二卷第1期,頁49-88,2014年8月。
    4. 張智程,日本勞動委員會不當勞動行為救濟命令之裁量權基準法理與演進,思與言人文與社會期刊,第五十二卷第1期,頁141-193,2014年8月。
    5. 張鑫隆,工會行動權之法理與言論自由之界限,思與言人文與社會期刊,第五十二卷第1期,頁7-47,2014年8月。
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