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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 81 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 白倩如(2011)。《少女從事與離退性交易歷程之研究—巢穴中的愛與生存》。國立暨南大學社會政策與社會工作研究所:碩士論文。
  2. 朱元鴻(1998)。《娼妓研究的另類提問》。《台灣社會研究季刊》,30:1-34。
  3. 吳芝儀(2000)。《中輟學生的危機與轉機》。嘉義市:濤石。
  4. 陳怡芳、胡中宜、邱郁茹、李淑沛(2014)。《安置機構少女自立生活能力培育方案之反思與回饋:輔導人員之觀點》。朝陽人文社會學刊,11:1,頁29-67。
  5. 鄭如安、廖本富、王純琪(2009)。《論復原力的展現:一位青少女的安置復原故事》。美和技術學院學報,第二十八卷,第二期,頁91-113。
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