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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 93 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王英偉(2001)。醫療場所中的衛生教育與健康促進。健康促進暨衛生教育雜誌 , 21,37-53。
  2. 王瑞霞,沈素月(1987)。家庭訪視與電話衛教對高血壓患者知識增進效果之研究。The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences,10,668-673。
  3. 行政院衛生署國民健康局(2003)。糖尿病防治手冊。
  4. 何延鑫、 黃久美、郭鐘隆(2005)。糖尿病患者心理社會調適、因應方式與衛教需求之關係。實證護理,3,165 - 175。
  5. 吳淑芳、蔡秀鸞(2009)。談糖尿病衛教演進與未來發展。源遠護理,3(2),5-14。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林俐菁(2018)。糖尿病病人足部自我監測行為及相關因素之探討。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2018。1-108。 
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