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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 203 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳和堂、鍾明翰(2011)。國小實習教師的角色知覺、工作投入與專業成長之因果關係研究。教育心理學報,43(2),245-264
  2. 李宗派(2009)。探討嬰兒潮之退休概念與其變遷趨勢。台灣老人保健學刊,5(2),70-92。
  3. 李雅慧、葉俊廷(2014)。高齡學習者持續參與學習的動機之歷程。人文暨社會科學期刊,10(2),51-63。
  4. 李新鄉、黃振恭(2009)。不同世代國民小學教師專業表現之相關研究。南台人文社會學報,1,1-30
  5. 林麗惠(2007)。從高齡教育機構開設的課程類別評析高齡學習內容之發展趨勢。課程與教學季刊,10(1),83-96。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳雪珠(2014)。活躍老化樂齡學習系統方案規劃之研究。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2014。1-277。
  2. 蔡恒萍(2015)。樂齡學習中心志工隊經營策略之研究。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2015。1-124。
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