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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 62 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中華民國大專院校體育總會 (1988) 。中華民國大專院校體育總會第廿二屆76學??第三次執?委員會議紀錄。中華民國大專院校體育總會第二十二屆第一期公報 (頁55-61) 。高雄市:國立中山大學。
  2. 中華民國大專院校體育總會籃球委員會 (1993) 。中華國大專院校八十一學???子籃球?賽?賽單位分區表。中華民國大專院校體育總會籃球委員會81學度工作報告書 (頁68-69) 。未出版。
  3. 林炳勳 (2010) 。大專游泳選手知覺運動團隊價值觀與運動涉入對運動表現之相關研究 (未出版碩士論文) 。國立臺東大學,臺東縣。
  4. 洪美娟、徐欽賢、吳慧卿 (2012) 。大專桌球選手知覺教練領導行為與團隊凝聚力、團隊文化及團隊效能之關係研究。臺南大學體育學報,7,48-63。
  5. 高三福 (2001) 。團隊文化與教??導:質化與?化?種研究途徑 (未出版博士論文) 。國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
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