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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 92 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃堅厚(1977)。從心理學的觀點談孝道並分析青年對孝行的看法。國立台灣師範大學教育心理學報,10,11-20。
  2. 陳詩潔、吳麗娟(2008)。大學生的共依附特質、自我感受與愛情關係品質之相關研究。教育心理學報,40(1),153-178。
  3. 張春興(1992)。心理學。台北:東華書局。
  4. 張思嘉、李雅雯(2009)。擇偶歷程中影響關係發展的關鍵因素。中華輔導與諮商學報,25,179-212。
  5. 葉光輝(2009)。華人孝道雙元模型研究的回顧與前瞻。本土心理學研究,32,101-148。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余瑞峰(2013)。MANET 中基於信譽之自私節點偵測演算法的研究。樹德科技大學資訊工程系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-71。 
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