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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 323 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王珩 (2005)。從 ARCS 模式探討英語學習動機之激發策略。 臺中教育大學學報,19(2), 89-100。
  2. 何昭儀 (2010)。大一學生英語接觸、英語學習焦慮及全民英檢測驗焦慮相關性之探究(碩士論文)。取自臺灣博碩士論文系統。(系統編號099NTPTC694003)
  3. 吳武典 (1979)。國小班級氣氛的因素分析與追蹤研究。教育心理學報,12,133-156。
  4. 吳雨桑、林建平 (2009)。大學生英語學習環境、學習動機與學習策略的關係之研究。 臺北市立教育大學學報,40(2),181-222。
  5. 宋立群、陳憶如 (2012)。大學生英語閱讀能力高及低者英語學習策略之研究。嶺東通識教育研究學刊,4(4),1-25。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張倩寧(2017)。護理人員數位與面授學習滿意度及學習成效之探討。義守大學管理碩博士班學位論文。2017。1-66。
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