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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 37 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王鶴松(2006),我國銀行業的現況與未來努力方向專論。
  2. 施明山(2007),台灣地區金控合併綜效驅動因子研究,大同大學事業經營學系(所)碩士論文。
  3. 徐元發(2001),我國上市上櫃商業銀行經營績效評鑑之研究,中原大學企業管理研所碩士論文。
  4. 董俊宏(2007),逾放比、獲利力與經營績效相關性之研究-以國內公、民股銀行為例,國立成功大學高階管理碩士在職專班。
  5. Andrea, Resti, 1998, Regulation Can Foster Merger, Can Mergers Foster EfficiencyThe Italian Case, Journal of Economics and Business, 155-169.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 白基聰(2012)。台灣金控產業之合併綜效-以農銀與合庫合併案為例。中興大學高階經理人碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-69。 
  2. 陳陞文(2012)。銀行分支機構創新經營績效-以合作金庫商業銀行為例。中興大學應用經濟學系所學位論文。2012。1-49。 
  3. 魏美君(2011)。公股銀行合併後分行經營績效之探討-以合作金庫銀行與農民銀行為個案之研究。政治大學經營管理碩士學程(EMBA)學位論文。2011。1-95。
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