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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 18 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Blose, L., and Shieh, J., 1995, “The Impact of Gold Price on The Value of Gold Mining Stock,”Review of Financial Economics, 4, 125 - 139.
  2. Hammoudeh, S., and Li, H., 2005, “Oil Sensitivity and Systematic Risk in Oil-Sensitive Stock Indices,”Journal of Economics and Business, 57, 1-21.
  3. Sadorsky, P., 1999, “Oil Prices Shocks and Stock Market Activity Energy Economics,”21, 5, 449-469.
  4. Sadorsky, P., 2003, “The Macroeconomic Determinants of Technology Stock Price Volatility,”Review of Financial Economics, 12, 191-205.
  5. 一、中文
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 施琇菁(2011)。總體經濟因素對國家股價指數之影響 - 以印尼為例。淡江大學國際商學碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-90。 
  2. 高碧霜(2014)。股價指數、黃金基金及債券關聯性與避險效果。屏東科技大學財務金融研究所學位論文。2014。1-44。 
  3. 宋俊諺(2010)。油價和太陽能電池公司股價的關聯性-以第一太陽能公司為例。臺灣大學經濟學研究所學位論文。2010。1-49。
  4. 黃羿薇(2011)。國際黃金市場價格動態關聯性研究。中興大學應用經濟學系所學位論文。2011。1-58。
  5. 林宗賢(2015)。黃金、原油價格與科技類股關聯性研究─以台灣、韓國、美國股市為例。中正大學財務金融學系學位論文。2015。1-57。
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