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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 39 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張朝惟(民95)。創新導向與公司能力之調和作用對產品研發績效之影響:台灣生物科技產業之實證研究。長榮大學經營管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,台南縣。
  2. 傑弗瑞.萊克著(民97)。實踐豐田模式:第一本教你打造精實學習型組織的實戰指南。(李芳齡譯)。臺北市:美商麥格羅.希爾國際股份有限公司台灣分公司。(原著出版年:2006)。
  3. Frishammar, Johan. & Ylinenpaa, Hakan. (2007). Managing Information In New Product Development: A Conceptual Review, Research Propositions and Tentative Model. International Journal of Innovation Management, 11(4) .
  4. Griffin, Abbie. & Page, L. Albert. (1993). An Interim Report on Measuring Product Development Success and Failure. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 10(4), 294.
  5. Morgan, M. James. & Liker, K. Jeffery. (2006). The Toyota Product Development System, integrating people, process, and technology.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃兆誠(2015)。應用精實技術提升庫房作業效率之實務研究-以中小型無晶圓廠IC設計公司為例。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2015。1-110。 
  2. 李昆翰(2010)。創意對創意產業影響之研究。政治大學勞工研究所學位論文。2010。1-64。
  3. 蔡尚霖(2014)。中小企業初期二段式導入精實架構之研究 —以實驗室設備公司為例。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2014。1-54。
  4. 詹嘉菁(2016)。運用價值溪流圖提升全實驗室自動化系統效率之研究。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2016。1-59。
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