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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 102 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 台灣猛禽研究會,2004。台灣地區黑鳶保育行動綱領。基隆市野鳥學會、
    2. 台灣猛禽研究會,台北。24頁。
    3. 白梅玲、李培芬、端木茂甯,2006。氣候變遷對台灣淡水魚多樣性之衝
    4. 沈振中,2003a。台灣與亞洲鄰近國家黑鳶定點調查結果之比較。台灣猛禽研究1:60-64。
    5. 沈振中,2003b。台灣黑鳶之最。台灣猛禽研究1:60-64。
    Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
    1. 蘇聖暘(2013)。探討多模式物種生態模擬─以薯豆、台灣杜鵑為例。中興大學森林學系所學位論文。2013。1-193。 
    2. 江鴻猷(2013)。樣本數量對最大熵物種分布模式 (MaxEnt) 準確度之影響:以臺灣水青岡為例。中興大學森林學系所學位論文。2013。1-104。 
    3. 凃俊豪(2013)。不同統計方法對生態棲位模式之影響-以卡氏櫧分佈模式為例。中興大學森林學系所學位論文。2013。1-131。 
    4. 王文巧(2012)。運用GIS物種分布模型預測珍稀瀕危植物蘇鐵蕨之空間型態。中興大學森林學系所學位論文。2012。1-132。 
    5. 陳冠樺(2012)。臺灣獼猴對於熊鷹鳴叫聲或模仿聲刺激之反掠食行為探討。屏東科技大學野生動物保育研究所學位論文。2012。1-45。 
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