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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 99 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江惠如(2007)。多元文化下臺灣客語之保存與展現:以行政院客委會推廣之客語生活學校為例。淡江大學未來學研究所碩士班。
  2. 吳木崑(2005)。國小二年級綜合活動實施體驗學習之行動研究。國立台北師範學院課程與教學研究所教學碩士班論文。
  3. 李雪燕(2001)。國小低年級「客家歌謠」教學實施之行動研究:以一所國小為例。國立台北師範學院課程與教學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 李慧娟(2004)。國小教師實施鄉土語言教學之個案研究―以客家語教學為例。國立台北師範學院課程與教學研究所碩士論文。
  5. 林玉體(1987)。西洋教育史。台北:文景。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖健宏(2007)。新的橢圓曲線純量乘法演算法。清華大學電機工程學系所學位論文。2007。1-45。 
  2. 趙慶方(2014)。臺北市高中職學生對全民國防教育資源中心體驗課程學習滿意度之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-117。 
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