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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 88 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李佩陵,2005,農會信用部效率性之評估,碩士論文,中原大學會計系。
  2. 吳庭祥,2004,台灣農會信用部經營效率之研究,碩士論文,臺中健康暨管理學院經營管理系。
  3. 林正旺,2002,以經濟附加價值評估商業銀行之經營績效,碩士論文,
  4. 陳增朋,2007,台灣地區大學校院體育室經營效率之評估-資料包絡分析法之應用,中華民國體育學會,40卷,2期,79-92。
  5. 高強、黃旭南、Toshiyuki Sueyoshi, 2003,管理績效評估:資料包絡分析法,台北:華泰。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳裔銍(2012)。新北市基層農會信用部財務比率分析。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2012。1-86。 
  2. 張振輝(2012)。政策性農業專案貸款對農會信用部經營績效之影響。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2012。1-102。 
  3. 楊玲珠(2011)。鄉村型農會經營策略之個案研究 -以彰化縣線西鄉農會為例。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2011。1-84。 
  4. 郭子楠(2013)。農會信用部經營績效與經營環境關聯性之研究。中正大學經濟系國際經濟研究所學位論文。2013。1-76。
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