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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 68 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳尹仁,2007。台灣黑熊棲息地利用及分佈預測模式。國立屏東科技大學野生動物保育研究所。100頁。
  2. 鐘雨岑,2008。台灣黑熊取食果實對於種子萌芽之影響。國立屏東科技大學碩士論文。90頁。
  3. Ackerman、B. B. 1984. Cougar food habits in southern Utah. Journal of Wildlife Management 48:147-155.
  4. Auger、J. 2002. Are American Black Bears (Ursus americanus) Legitimate Seed Dispersers for Fleshy-fruited Shrubs? American Midland Naturalist 147:352-367.
  5. Best、R. C. 1985. Digestibility of ringed seals by the polar bear. Canadian Journal of Zoology 63:1033-1036.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何冠助(2012)。玉山國家公園大分地區臺灣黑熊遺傳多樣性之初探。屏東科技大學野生動物保育研究所學位論文。2012。1-85。 
  2. 郭彥仁(2012)。玉山國家公園大分地區野生動物對青剛櫟(Cyclobalanopsis glauca)種子和苗木存活之影響。屏東科技大學野生動物保育研究所學位論文。2012。1-76。 
  3. 葉烱章(2011)。利用穩定同位素分析台灣黑熊食性。屏東科技大學野生動物保育研究所學位論文。2011。1-54。 
  4. 賴均銘(2010)。福山試驗林台灣獼猴(Macaca cyclopis)之活動模式及食物化學分析。屏東科技大學野生動物保育研究所學位論文。2010。1-67。 
  5. 林冠甫(2009)。玉山國家公園大分地區櫟實結果對於大型哺乳動物豐富度之影響。屏東科技大學野生動物保育研究所學位論文。2009。1-115。 
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