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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 93 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丘其謙 (1966) 布農族卡社群的社會組織。中央研究院民族學研究所專刊之七。
  2. 史育禎、張長義、蔡博文 (2006) 社區林業作為部落自然資源管理之想像-新竹縣尖石鄉司馬庫斯部落個案研究。臺大實驗林研究報告 20(1): 51-64。
  3. 吳水泉 (2001) 企業發展策略之共識度研究--以福特六和汽車為例。中原大學企業管理學系碩士論文。
  4. 范麗娟 (1995) 深度訪談簡介。戶外遊憩研究 7(2): 25-35。
  5. 莊瑞續 (2003) 探索地方永續發展議題與願景之研究─以金門島為例。國立臺灣師範大學環境教育研究所碩士論文。59頁。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊懿修(2011)。颱洪災害衝擊下的堤後低窪地區土地規劃管理防洪減災策略之研究-以筏子溪下游為例。臺北科技大學建築與都市設計研究所學位論文。2011。1-149。 
  2. 鄭博文(2011)。產險業與人身保險經紀人合作推廣策略之研究-以X產險公司為例。淡江大學保險學系保險經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-113。
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