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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 84 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院農業委員會 (1996) 台灣稀有及瀕危植物之分級-彩色圖鑑(I)。行政院農業委會,163頁。
  2. 周富三 (2004) 台灣西南部荖濃溪下游次生林與人工林之植物組成與序列植被類型。臺大實驗林研究報告18(2): 115-127。
  3. 周富三 (2006) 台灣西南部楠梓仙溪中上游集水區常綠闊葉林植群生態之研究。國立中山大學生物科學系博士論文。96頁。
  4. 邱清安 (2006) 應用生態氣候指標預測臺灣潛在自然植群之研究。國立中興大學森林學系博士論文。280頁。
  5. 俞秋豐、陳子英、蘇鴻傑 (2004) 台灣東北氣候區森林植群龐大資料組之二階段分析法。臺大實驗林研究報告 18(3): 221-228。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蕭清泉(2009)。曾文水庫上游集水區植群生態之研究。屏東科技大學森林系所學位論文。2009。1-75。 
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