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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 72 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林晏州(1986)。遊憩活動特性與需求之分析,都市與計劃,13,107-140。
  2. 李明宗,(2002)。當代台灣節慶活動的形貌—休閒社會學詮釋觀點的提擬。(博士論文,台灣師範大學,體育研究所)。全國博碩士論文資訊網,090NTNU0567002。
  3. 陸景武(1989)。社會趨向與觀光的未來,中華民國觀光學會會刊。
  4. 陳比晴(2003)。民眾參與節慶活動需求之研究—以2003陽明山花季為例。(碩士論文,台灣師範大學,運動與休閒管理研究所)。全國博碩士論文資訊網,091NTNU0571011。
  5. 陳水源(1988)。遊客遊憩需求與遊憩體驗之研討,戶外遊憩研究。1(3),25-51。
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李正平(2010)。遠端身分認證與金鑰交換協定之研究。淡江大學資訊工程學系博士班學位論文。2010。1-103。 
  2. 蕭勝華(2007)。適用於多伺服系統的高效率具鑑別性共同密鑰產生技術之研究。淡江大學資訊工程學系博士班學位論文。2007。1-73。 
  3. 吳鎮宇(2011)。適用於電子醫療環境之安全驗證機制。臺灣大學資訊工程學研究所學位論文。2011。1-90。 
  4. 李岳錞(2010)。適用於遠距照護醫療資訊系統上的安全認證機制。臺灣大學資訊網路與多媒體研究所學位論文。2010。1-44。 
  5. 王仁群(2010)。各種通訊環境下使用者隱私保護之認證及金鑰協議之研究。臺灣大學電機工程學研究所學位論文。2010。1-206。 
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