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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 149 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.王佑(2006),結合策略地圖與資料包絡分析法之接單策略評選模式-以某 手機零組件製造廠為為例,國立清華工業工程與工程管理學系碩士論文。
  2. 8.台北縣政府地政局(2004),土地登記審查手冊,中華民國地政士公會全國聯合會印行,台北市。
  3. 17.李招和(2006),警察機關推行全面品質管理關鍵成功因素之研究,亞洲大學經營管理研究所碩士論文。
  4. 21.吳安妮(2004),平衡計分卡在公務機關實施之探討,載於「績效評估」,行政院研究發展考核委員會編印,台北市。
  5. 35.林富美(2005),運用平衡計分卡改善某醫院附設護理之家之營運績效,台北醫學大學護理研究所碩士論文。
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