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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 156 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 國立中央大學企業管理研究所,新竹。
  2. 5. 左濤 譯,Karen Sullivan 著(2002),有機生活,香港:三聯。
  3. 8. 朱芝緯(1999),永續性生態旅遊遊客守則之研究—以墾丁
  4. 14. 李思屏(2001),遊客對生態旅遊之環境態度與行為關係之
  5. 15. 林昭孜(2004),有機農產品驗證制度之探討,台灣經濟研究月
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉碧梧(2013)。有機休閒農場經營關鍵成功因素之研究。屏東科技大學農園生產系所學位論文。2013。1-239。 
  2. 陳吉星(2011)。休閒農場經營成功關鍵因素之研究—以三好米休閒農場為例。高雄餐旅大學旅遊管理研究所在職專班學位論文。2011。1-62。
  3. 黃森源(2011)。肥料種類與施肥時間對茶葉產量影響之比較。亞洲大學經營管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-37。
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