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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 112 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳志強。2001。中藥材甘草成分分析。中原大學化學系碩士論文。
  2. 簡崇訓。2005。甘草素與氮醣之研究。國立台灣大學化學研究所碩士
  3. Akiko K., Noboru M. 2010. Physiological role of autophagy as an intracellular recycling system: With an emphasis on nutrient metabolism. Semin Cell Dev Biol 21: 883-690
  4. Araki E., Lipes M. A., Patti M. E., Bruning J. C, Haag B., Johnson R. S., Kahn C. R. 1994 Alternative pathway of insulin signaling in mice with targeted disruption of the IRS-1 gene. Nature 372: 186-190
  5. Baldwin S. A. 1993 Mammalian passive glucose transporters: members of a ubiquitous family of active and passive transport proteins. Biochim Biophys Acta 1154: 17-49
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張芸軒(2010)。報酬與盈餘關係之研究-以盈餘預測能力分析。臺灣大學會計學研究所學位論文。2010。1-68。 
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