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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 55 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Abu, O. 2011. Fertilizer Usage and Technical Efficiency of Rice Farms under Tropical Conditions: A Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). Journal of Agricultural Science 2(2):83-87.
  2. Aigner, D., C. A. K. Lovell, and P. Schmidt. 1977. Formulation and Estimation of Stochastic Frontier Production Function Models. Journal of Econometrics 6(1):21-37.
  3. Amparo, M. B., G. M. Constantino-Jose, and S. G. Ramon. 2012. Efficiency Analysis of Small Franchise Enterprises through a DEA Metafrontier Model. The Service Industries Journal 32(15):2421-2434.
  4. Andersen, P., and N. C. Petersen. 1993. A Procedure for Ranking Efficient Units in Data Envelopment Analysis. Management Science 39(10):1261-1264.
  5. Bridhikitti, A., and T. J. Overcamp. 2012. Estimation of Southeast Asian Rice Paddy Areas with Different Ecosystems from Moderate-Resolution Satellite Imagery. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 146(1):113-120.
Times Cited (20) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴琦文(2010)。審計公費與財稅差異關聯性之研究。臺灣大學會計學研究所學位論文。2010。1-59。 
  2. 曾振興(2009)。所得稅費用意涵與課稅所得推估之探討。中原大學會計研究所學位論文。2009。1-58。
  3. 李如恩(2009)。遞延所得稅費用與財務報表重編關聯性之研究。中原大學會計研究所學位論文。2009。1-69。
  4. 董帛融(2009)。遞延所得稅資產備抵評價策略性調控行為之研究。成功大學會計學系學位論文。2009。1-87。
  5. 汪靜怡(2009)。審計準則第43號公報對公司盈餘管理影響之研究。中原大學會計研究所學位論文。2009。1-70。
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