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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 108 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方煒、饒瑞佶 (2004) 高亮度發光二極體在生物產業的應用。中華農學會報。5: 432-446。
  2. 林君如、許博行 (2003) 二氧化碳濃度和氮肥對樟樹苗木生長與光合作用之影響。林業研究季刊 25: 1-14。
  3. 林怡芳 (2005) 四種殼斗科幼苗在不同光度下生長優勢與形態之表現。國立臺灣大學森林環境暨資源學系碩士論文。
  4. 陳書憲、蔡佳彬、劉瓊霦 (2011) 不同光度處理對台灣三種原生闊葉樹苗木碳水化合物累積和分配的影響。林業研究季 33: 65-76。
  5. 黃怡嘉 (2008) 溫度、光強度及水楊酸對火鶴花光合作用與生育品質之影響。國立台灣大學生物資源暨農學院園藝學系碩士論文。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王敏君(2015)。直轄市政府公共債務問題之研究。逢甲大學財稅學系學位論文。2015。1-71。 
  2. 張簡宏英(2015)。臺北市債務基金績效之研究。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2015。1-103。
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