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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 27 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [2]KocË, M., and Altan, T., 2001, “An Overall Review of the Tube Hydroforming (THF) Technology,” Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Vol. 108, pp. 384-393.
  2. [3]Lang, L. H., Wang, Z. R., Kang, D. C., Yuan, S. J., Zhang, S. H, Danckert, J., and Nielsen, K. B., 2004, “Hydroforming Highlights: Sheet Hydroforming and Tube Hydroforming,” Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Vol.v151, pp. 165-177.
  3. [9]Asnafi, N., and Skogsgårdh, A., 2000, “Theoretical and Experimental Analysis of Stroke-controlled Tube Hydroforming,” Material Science and Engineering, A279, pp. 95-110.
  4. [10]Ahmetoglu, M., and Altan, T., 2000, “Tube Hydroforming: State of the Art and Future Trends,” Journal of Material and Processing Technology, Vol. 98, pp. 25-33.
  5. [11]Ahmetoglu, M., Sutter, K., Li, X.J., and Altan, T., 2000, “Tube Hydroforming: Current Research, Applications and Need for Training,” Journal of Material and Processing Technology, Vol. 98, pp. 224-231.
Times Cited (17) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曹玲玲(2012)。非營利組織所得稅申報書內容之探討。中原大學會計學系學位論文。2012。1-123。 
  2. 徐步月(2006)。我國非營利組織適用所得稅租稅獎勵之探討。中原大學會計學系學位論文。2006。1-116。 
  3. 陳萩蓉(2005)。宗教團體會計處理與租稅問題之研究。中原大學會計學系學位論文。2005。1-77。 
  4. 劉又瑄(2014)。倫理哲學與衝突處理風格對非營利組織捐款意願之影響。長榮大學國際企業學系(所)學位論文。2014。1-83。 
  5. 王怡潔(2017)。我國非營利組織免納所得稅租稅優惠之探討─以美國內地稅法為借鏡。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2017。1-161。 
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