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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 187 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王士維,2005,中國大陸出境旅遊政策,台北:秀威資訊科技股份有限公司。
  2. 王成財、陳金足、王小龍,2010,大學生參與休閒活動之行為意圖研究,萬能學報,32期,279-291。
  3. 王明妤、林玠恒、方治文、凃安蓉、張甄育、林倩如,2011,農民持續採用有機耕種行為意圖之研究:以計畫行為理論為基礎,臺灣農學會報,12卷,1期,68-88。
  4. 王國川,1998,計劃行為理論各成份量表之效度與信度的重新評估-以青少年無照騎車之研究為例,國立空中大學社會科學學報,6期,1-26。
  5. 王熙哲、丁耀民,2008,人際關係網路對虛擬社群使用意願的影響,資
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 顏菀暄(2008)。中國大陸新企業所得稅法之研究。政治大學會計研究所學位論文。2008。1-92。
  2. 涂慧珊(2012)。中國大陸新制企業所得稅之稅率調整與企業租稅規劃行為探討。元智大學商學碩士班(會計學程)學位論文。2012。1-69。
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