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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 94 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何仕仁、黃台珠 (2005)。不同教學,知識創造管理模式對國中生數學學習成效之影響研究。科學教育學刊, 13(2), 217-239。
  2. 周建張、李婷娟、曹曼玲、李筱薇、蔡依婷 (2007)。數位多媒體教材之製作與應用-以科技大學 “國際物流管理” 課程為例。科學教育,296, 42-55。
  3. 周韻芳 (2008)。數位教材之動機設計對網路學習者的動機表現與學習策略運用之影響(未出版的碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學資訊教育研
  4. 林信成、吳凡、蕭勝文 (2003)。電子化學術研討會之建置與出版(未出版的碩士論文)。資訊與圖書館學系暨研究所,台北市。
  5. 高震峰 (2006)。資訊時代藝術教育的轉向: 電子書包學習模式應用於藝術與人文數位教學環境。國教新知,53(4),23-34。
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