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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 6. 李柏賢。2009。盤固拉草堆肥添加康氏木黴菌防治甘藍幼苗立枯病探討。國立屏東科技大學植物保護系碩士論文。屏東。8,18頁。
  2. 7. 李瑋崧、李昀陞、陳美杏。2012。稻草在秀珍菇栽培之應用。臺灣農業研究 61: 90-99。
  3. 9. 吳慶煌。1976。影響木耳菌絲在鋸屑培養基上生長及形成菇體之因子。中國園藝 22: 169-180。
  4. 12. 杜金池、鄭爕。1975。臺灣之木耳類。中國園藝 21: 227-233。
  5. 14. 林俊義、廖慶樑、王鍾和編。2002。作物有機栽培102號。行政院農業委員會農業試驗所。臺中。34-36 頁。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊孟勳(2016)。添加營養劑對黑木耳再生性之影響。中興大學生命科學院碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-76。
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