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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 123 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 田秀蘭(1999)。女性對生涯阻礙知覺之質的分析。教育心理學報,31(1),89-107。
  2. 田秀蘭、郭乃文(2002)。「成人生涯認知量表」之發展及其效度研究。測驗年刊,49(1),19-37。
  3. 吳永怡(2009)。音樂才能優異學生家庭教養對其音樂成就影響之初探研究--以東部地區為例。東臺灣特殊教育學報,11,79-100 。
  4. 吳永怡(2010)。大學音樂才能優異學生家庭教養、音樂學習環境與音樂成就之相關研究。國立高雄師範大學特殊教育學系博士論文,未出版,高雄。
  5. 李嘉雯(2007)。臺北市音樂補習班教師生涯發展之研究。臺灣師範大學音樂學系碩士論文,未出版,臺北。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡語涵(2016)。自費健檢之體驗行銷、體驗價值與忠誠度相關研究。臺灣大學健康政策與管理研究所學位論文。2016。1-86。 
  2. 徐永堂(2017)。顧客滿意度影響來源之研究─以醫病關係為例。朝陽科技大學企業管理系台灣產業策略發展博士班學位論文。2017。1-116。
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