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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 30 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 王露晴,ITF網站中男子網球選手基本資料分析,國立屏東科技大學工業管理系未出版碩士論文,2014年。
  2. 4. 李仁佐,中國李娜效應對臺灣職業網球運動發展之省思,中華體育季刊,第26卷第1期,第157-162頁,2012年。
  3. 7. 許英修,外幣投資輔助系統設計與實作,國立臺灣大學電機資訊學院資訊工程學系未出版碩士論文,2007年。
  4. 8. 康家榮,整數規劃在護理排班與排休之問題應用,國立屏東科技大學工業管理系未出版碩士論文,2010年。
  5. 9. 陳宗禾,建立護理人員之病人安全資訊系統,國立臺東大學教育學系未出版碩士論文, 2010年。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周怡君(2017)。便利值多少--便利商店帶給鄰近居民的價值或損害。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2017。1-82。 
  2. 李中呈(2016)。UTR使用性分析-以青少年男子網球選手為例。屏東科技大學工業管理系所學位論文。2016。1-39。
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