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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 59 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王志泓(2009)。多重的辯證列伏爾空間生產概念三元組演譯與引申。地理學報,第55期,頁4-7。
  2. 王彩霞(2008)。民間信仰與族群關係─以竹南頭份造橋五穀宮為例。交通大學客家文化學院客家社會與文化碩士在職專班碩士論文。
  3. 王慈韻(2012)。日治時期新埤聚落與外庄互動情形之研究。國立屏東科技大學客家文化產業研究所碩士論文。屏東。
  4. 邱馨慧(2002)。被殖民脈絡下山地與平地交換活動的初探--以日本時代高雄州潮州郡的赤山交換所為例。屏東文獻(5)。頁3-22。
  5. 林美容(1987)。由祭祀圈來看草屯鎮的地方組織。中央研究院民族研究所集刊,六二 頁53-114。
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