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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 116 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王靜雯、廖詩文(2013)。多元智能英語夏令營對弱勢家庭學童學習影響之研究。興國學報,14,83-100。
  2. 吳青蓉(2009)。幼兒園實習教師、指導教師與實習機構輔導教師對集中實習課程看法之探究。育達科大學報,21,67-89。
  3. 李介至(2011)。幼保系科學生實習經驗及未來工作意願之關係探究。技術及職業教育學報,4(2),1-22。
  4. 李介至、劉雅淋、陳盈妃、李英中(2014)。親子互動對托育類型及二歲幼兒發展能力之調節效果。健康與照顧科學學刊,2(1),36-55。
  5. 李君惠(2010)。夏令營青少年運動夏令營主辦單位對指導員與輔導員專業能力重視程度差異之研究(未出版碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所,臺北市。
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