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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 121 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. LTV人間衛視-星雲大師口述:貧僧有話要說,2015年6月瀏覽。
  2. 何姬錚,2008,大學生校園資源回收行為意圖及相關因素研究~以臺北縣致理技術學院為例,碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,健康促進與衛生教育學系在職進修碩士班,台北。
  3. 李映秋,2013,桃園縣某都市公立國民中學學生對於垃圾減量行為之行為意圖及其相關因素之研究,碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,健康促進與衛生教育學系在職進修碩士班,台北。
  4. 李園婷,2008,台北市國中學生垃圾減量行為意圖及相關因素之研究-以實踐國民中學為例,碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,健康促進與衛生教育學系在職進修碩士班,台北。
  5. 林佑玲,2010,國中學生從事垃圾減量行為及其相關因素之研究-以台北縣某國中為例,碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,健康促進與衛生教育學系在職進修碩士班,台北。
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