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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 94 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 紀靖怡,2013,環境態度與低碳旅遊認知對參與低碳遊程願付價格之研究-以集集、水里、車埕地區為例,碩士論文,靜宜大學,觀光事業學系,台中。
  2. 陳怡蓉,2011,遊戲式教學對增進國小六年級學童碳足跡概念與學習態度之研究,碩士論文,國立高雄師範大學,工業科技教育學系,高雄。
  3. 趙彥婷,2012,大學以上學歷之民眾對於碳足跡認知之研究,碩士論文,屏東科技大學,環境工程與科學系所,屏東。
  4. 鍾明修,2014,台灣農產品環境衝擊與碳足跡之評估研究,碩士論文,國立臺北科技大學,環境工程與管理研究所,台北。
  5. 張美珍等,2012,博物館「碳足跡」闖關活動對觀眾碳足跡態度的影響,科技博物,第16卷,第2期,第45-71頁。
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