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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 82 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王國川(1998)。計劃行為理論各成分量表之設計、發展與建立-以青少年無照騎車行為之研究為例。師大學報,43(2),67-91。
  2. 田嘉美(2007)。台東魯凱族成人嚼食檳榔行為意圖之探討。臺灣大學護理學研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  3. 李永祥、余宗龍(2014)。計畫行為理論對大學生從事規律運動行為之影響因素。大專體育學刊,16 (1),45-58。
  4. 林素真(2009)。安全座椅使用現況調查—以高雄縣、巿為例。義守大學《人文與社會》學報,2(4),141-159。
  5. 林敬旺、蔡文正、曾盈甄(2011)。父母對於青少女接種人類乳突病毒疫苗接受度與影響因素探討。澄清醫護管理雜誌。7(2),38-50。
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