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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 60 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王文娟(2011)。智能障礙者雙老家庭壓力負荷之初探。身心障礙研究季刊, 9(2),96-110。
  2. 王俐絜、陳威宇、張書展、黃安年、洪榮駿、王瑞霞(2011)。消化道末期癌症病患居家主要照顧者之照顧負荷與其相關性因素探討。護理雜誌,58(6),54-64。
  3. 王瀞儀(2015)。智能障礙之中高齡主要照顧者的未來安老規劃(碩士論文)。取自臺灣博碩士論文系統。(系統編號103NCKU5201032)
  4. 何志鴻、黃惠璣(2007)。影響身心障礙兒童家庭照顧者憂鬱之因素。身心障礙研究季刊,5(1),41-50。
  5. 李欣蓓(2009)。高中職餐飲管理科教師工作壓力與因應策略之研究。稻江學報,4(1),242-265。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃冠錦(Kuan-Chin Huang);陳靜紋(Jing-Wen Chen);黃文慧(Wen-Hui Huang);蘇以青(Yi-Ching Su)(2017)。運用紐曼系統模式於一位重覆自殺精神障礙個案之護理經驗。高雄護理雜誌。34(2)。97-107。 
  2. 蔣秀容(Shiou-Rong Jeang);王珮珩(Pei-Hern Wang);齊美婷(Mei-Ting Chi);顧艷秋(Yan-Chiou Ku)(2016)。照顧自殺企圖者之照顧負荷與經驗。榮總護理。33(1)。77-86。 
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