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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 99 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王啟正、林學詩 (2003) 水稻成熟種子癒傷組織誘導與再生植株之研究。花蓮區農業改良場研究彙報21: 1-11。
  2. 呂奇峰、陳榮坤 (2014) 國際稻米研究所水稻耐旱育種現況。台南區農業專訊 90期16-20。
  3. 夏奇鈮、王強生 (1998) 水稻台農 67號胚癒合組織之誘導及再生研究。中華農業研究47: 338-345。
  4. 黃曙香、楊純明、張惠媜、蘇慕容 (2001) 土壤缺水對水稻植株水分狀態之影響。農業試驗所技術服務。45: 26-29。
  5. 許志聖、楊嘉凌 (2009) 水稻台稉9號。台中區農業改良場歷年育成品種專輯,特刊94號。行政院農業委員會台中區農業改良場出版40-41。
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