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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 15 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4. 黃乾全.蕭景祥.董貞吟.劉玉文(2000),營造業勞工墜事故相關因素之研究 ,勞工安全衛生研究季刊,第 8 卷第4期,頁 423-440 。
  2. 1. 建築與工程結構抗倒塌研究新進展(2013),顧祥林,中國建築工業出版社,頁59-63。
  3. 2. 郭武威(2008),在地震力作用下非韌性鋼筋混凝土構架倒塌行為研究,國立臺灣科技大學營建工程系研究所碩士論文,頁59-63。
  4. 3. 陳裕翔(2011),建築物逐步倒塌之研究,中華科技大學土木防災工程研究所碩士論文,頁61-67。
  5. 6. 教育部(2012)防災教育教材統整計畫,第12章 地震災害之型態,頁90-95。
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